Other Utilities


Living conditions were primite for the early settlers in Ypsilanti, North Dakota.

There was no indoor plumbing. Each family had its own well, and water was carried into the homes in pails or other containers, while garbage and other waste was carried out in similar fashion. For human wastes, there were outhouses, sometimes referred to as the "house out back".

Most  homes were heated by wood or coal, all of which was obtained and carried manually.

Lighting was from candles, kerosene lamps, or gas lamps. Later, some people obtained carbide gas lights, and 32-volt gas-powered plants.